Raksha Bandhan is a popular, traditionally Hindu, annual rite, or ceremony, celebrated in India, Nepal and other parts of the Indian subcontinent, and among people around the world influenced by Hindu culture. On this day every sister ties a bracelet or band on their brothers’ hands, and receives a gift in return, This event symbolizes a sweet relationship between brother & sister, by ting the rakhi sister reminds her brother of his responsibility to protect her & take care of her.
According to Hindu Lunar calendar, this festival happens every year on the last Monday of Shraavana (a month in Hindu calendar)
What does Raksha Bandhan mean?
Raksha Bandhan is a Sanskrit word, which means “the bond of protection, obligation, or care”. This event has different names in different local areas, Saluno, Silono, and Rakri, these local folk cultures are almost the same as the main concept of ‘Raksha Bandhan’, which is typically mean “Brother sister festival”.
origins of the name:
- According to Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit–English dictionary Rakshā means “a sort of bracelet or amulet, any mysterious token used as a charm, … a piece of thread or silk bound around the wrist on Patric occasions that is a symbol of mutual dependence, or as a mark of respect”.
2. According to Samsad Bengali–English Dictionary:
1)Rakhi is a piece of thread in which one ties around the wrist of another in order to safeguard the latter from all evils.
2) Purnima is the full moon day of the month of Shraavana.
3)Shraavana is when a rakhi is tied around the wrist of another.
4)Bandhan is the act or the festival of tying a Rakhi round the wrist of another.
Variations by regions:
- In West Bengal, this festival is named as “Jhulan Purnima”( Prayers of Radha & Krishna, a Hindu god).
- In Maharastra it is called “Narali Purnima”( A coconut festival, a fisherman community, Koli throws the coconut to the sea praying for Varuna, a Hindu god of the sea, to improve their occupation.
- In north India, it is one kind of “kite-flying-competition” festival.
- In Haryana, it is “Salono”, which is the symbol of destroying the evil.
- In Nepal Hindus & Buddhists celebrate this festival calling is “Janai Purnima”, Jania means chest.
Origin of the festival:
There are several sources or origins, claim started the festival, but today here askerweb will tell you two events:
According to Hindu Mythology book, Mahabharata, “Lord Krishna” once cut his finger by chance and it was bleeding, then his sister & friend “Droupadi” tore a little part of her clothes & tied a bandage on Krishna’s wound and Krishna promised to remit this loan by helping & protecting her when she would in trouble. After that according to Mahabharata when “Kourava” (shown as villain team in this epic) molested & humiliated her & tried to remove her clothes, from an unknown source unlimited clothes were provided to Droupadi (It’s said that the clothes were provided by Lord Krishna). From that event, from that time the tied bandage on Krishna’s hand was supposed to be the Rakhi, which fulfills the above concept of the “Raksha Bandhan” festival.
it’s the time of the Indian independence movement when ruling British Government tried to divide the Bengal ( At that time, Bangladesh & West Bengal was one state, named as Bengal, which was a part of undivided India) on the basis of Hindus & Muslim, but Indian patriots protested this & “Banga-vanga-rodh” movement took place. At that time Rabindranath Tagore, a poet, writer & first Bengali Noble prize winner ( on literature), tied a bracelet or band, (which was the symbol of Rakhi), on every Bengali’s hand irrespective of Hindu & Muslim calling everyone as a brother. This event concluded that every Hindu & Muslim is the brother of one another, which improved & increased the unity between them that resulted as a failure of the evil will of the ruling “British India”.